Health & Fitness Nocturnal 'night owls' risk early death

13:57  12 april  2018
13:57  12 april  2018 Source:   news.sky.com

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Nurses working more night shifts were at higher risk of dying early . But the connection between more rotating night shift hours and higher death rates remained strong after the scientists adjusted for them.

"Regardless of lifestyle, people who stayed up late faced a higher risk of developing health problems like diabetes or reduced muscle mass than those who were early risers," Nan Hee Kim Unfortunately, night owls will be the first ones to exclaim how their nocturnal tendencies aren't a matter of choice

People who stay up late have a greater risk of early death © Getty People who stay up late have a greater risk of early death

People who stay up late and struggle in the mornings are more likely to die early, a new study has found. 

Tracking 500,000 Britons over six years, researchers found night owls had a 10% greater risk of premature death than those who go to bed early and spring out of bed in the mornings.

The risk was the same even when common problems night owls have, like metabolic dysfunction and heart disease, were factored in.

The scientists behind the work are calling for employers to better adapt work schedules to fit their employees' sleep patterns.

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For night owls , risk can pay off, translating into innovation, opportunity and financial gain. As night owls struggle not to be nocturnal , society has organized around an early bird schedule, which favors the early bird's wellbeing and even brain function.

Owls are nocturnal creatures. They’re wide awake at night and they sleep during the day. If this sounds like bliss to you, then, like about 20 percent of the population who find themselves most active at around 9 pm, you may fall into the same category as our feathered friend.

Dr Kristen Knutson, a member of the team from Northwestern University in Chicago, said: "Night owls trying to live in a morning lark world may have health consequences for their bodies.

Those who struggle with early mornings should be given later start times at work © Getty Those who struggle with early mornings should be given later start times at work "They shouldn't be forced to get up for an 8am shift. Make work shifts match people's chronotypes. Some people may be better suited to night shifts."

Early risers are better able to adjust their body clocks to the light and dark rhythms of the sun, the researchers found, but night owls' body clocks might not match their external environment.

British co-author Professor Malcolm von Schantz, from the University of Surrey, said: "This is a public health issue that can no longer be ignored.

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Some nocturnal animals can. be seen during the day, others spend the whole day. Foxes are mainly active during the early night time, when it is dusk, and throughout the night . The wood mouse lives in tunnels underground and is the main food of tawny owls .

Owls are famous for inspiring the phrase, " night owl ," but are all owls really nocturnal ? Owls are so famous for their nighttime escapades, that the phrase " night owl " developed to describe people who stay up late.

"We should discuss allowing evening types to start and finish work later, where practical. And we need more research about how we can help evening types cope with the higher effort of keeping their body clock in synchrony with sun time."

The study, which was published in Chronobiology International, found night owls have higher rates of diabetes, mental disorders and neurological conditions.

Some people are better suited to working at night © Getty Some people are better suited to working at night It's also associated with psychological stress, eating at the wrong time, lack of sleep and exercise and drug or alcohol use.

The study did not look for cause and effect, but for correlation with the researchers developing their own theories as to why it causes early deaths.

Genetics and a person's environment play a largely equal role in whether someone is a lark or an owl, but owls can become morning people by exposing themselves to light early on in the day.

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  The medical reason your boss should allow lie-ins “This is a public health issue that can no longer be ignored"The University of Surrey and Northwestern University, Chicago reports that night owls are putting their health at risk with late nights and early starts. It has already been found that lack of sleep can cause heart disease, but the latest findings say that insufficient sleep through late nights and early rises can also result in mental health issues and diabetes, as well as unhealthy drinking and drug-taking.

Connect with other nocturnals or night owls . Find other people who love the night more than the day, from geeks and gamers, to creative types and mystics. Try to connect with people who have the same love of the night as you.

True night owls will balk at anyone claiming to be a night person if bedtime is before 2 a.m. Ergo, no, President Obama, you are not part of the nocturnal elite. After missing brunch and whatever else happens in the morning (nothing really good could happen that early )

They should also try to avoid light at night, be disciplined with bed times, and tick off to-do lists early in the day, rather than leaving tasks late into the evening.

Dr Knutson added: "You're not doomed. Part of it you don't have any control over, and part of it you might."

The data was taken from UK Biobank, a storehouse of 500,000 people aged between 40 and 69. Researchers sorted each person into four groups - definite morning, definite evening, moderate morning, and moderate evening, before comparing.

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