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US News Ancient Native American King's House Rediscovered in Florida

20:40  13 june  2018
20:40  13 june  2018 Source:   nationalgeographic.com

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What we think took place during the ancient times, in reality could have happened 400-500 years ago. Considering that almost all of Native Americans got killed, there was probably five times that before Columbus rediscovered America . How many Native American Kings do you know?

Native Americans constructed impressive structures(referred to as Indian Mounds) throughout the state of Florida for over 5,000 years. Page 1 of 212 ». Ancient NativeAmerican Civilizations & Lost Cities. Follow Me. Random Posts.

a group of palm trees with a building in the background: An illustration shows what the Calusa king’s house might have looked like, based on descriptions by Spanish eyewitnesses in the 16th century and analogy with other wood-and-thatch structures known from the ethnographic record. © Illustration by Merald Clark, courtesy Florida Museum of Natural History An illustration shows what the Calusa king’s house might have looked like, based on descriptions by Spanish eyewitnesses in the 16th century and analogy with other wood-and-thatch structures known from the ethnographic record.

In February 1566, Caalus sat on his throne and watched a procession of strange men march toward his house.

The Spanish admiral Pedro Menéndez de Aviles had assembled 200 soldiers, drummers, trumpeters, fifers, and a dwarf who was a gifted singer and dancer. They climbed to the peak of Mound Key, Florida, with the match cords on their guns lit and a biblical text on display—hoping to impress the indigenous Calusa monarch who ruled over a large chunk of South Florida at the time.

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This famous cliff dwelling was home to the Sinagua people over 600 years ago, and the entire site is one of North America ’ s most well=persevered Native American ruins. The castle itself is quite large and impressive, as it has five stories that house 20 different rooms.

Native American Netroots. …a forum for the discussion of political, social and economic Ancient America : Florida , BCE. Posted on March 3, 2015 by Ojibwa. Their small houses were made from poles and thatch. The conical sand mound reaches about 6 meters high and was used for burials.

Now, archaeologists say they’ve found the first known traces of the long-lost building where this meeting took place. Their reconstructions suggest it was just as impressive as the Spanish missionaries described: a royal house that could fit 2,000 individuals.

Announced this month in the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, the discovery of the king’s house offers fresh insight into the lives of the Calusa people, who defied traditional anthropological expectations by creating a complex society that was not based on agriculture.

“The Calusa have long been fascinating to archaeologists, because they were a fisher-gatherer-hunter society that attained unusual social complexity,” says study coauthor William Marquardt, curator of South Florida archaeology and ethnography at the Florida Museum of Natural History in Gainesville.

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Florida Web Sites: Native Americans . Includes information on the tribe' s agriculture, art, council house , political structure, and social activities. By recreating the world of Florida ' s First People, we honor the Ancient Ones who once cared for this land."

Do people really think there are no ancient sites in NA? Little effort is made to educate people about the ancient burial ground that they walk upon daily. There is an industry surrounding the history of the holocaust, but nothing for the much larger and more significant Native American slaughter.

Powerful Kingdom on the Coast

Most complex societies rely on agriculture to create food surpluses that support a large population and specialized labor. The Calusa, however, relied mainly on catching fish like mullet, sharks, turtles, shellfish, and other animals from the coasts, estuaries, and mangrove forests around their villages. (Archaeologists also recently found a 7,000-year-old Native American burial site off the Florida coast.)

They supplemented this seafood-heavy diet with game, such as deer and birds. They gathered wild produce, but they did not practice farming outside of small home gardens, where they harvested chili peppers, papaya, and gourds. (Find out how small-scale farming may also be key to our future.)

a group of people in a forest: An aerial view of the excavations on top of Mound Key, Florida, shows a portion of what's left of the Calusa king's house. © Photograph by Victor Thompson An aerial view of the excavations on top of Mound Key, Florida, shows a portion of what's left of the Calusa king's house.

And yet, by the 16th century, Calusa culture had features that would be more common in an agricultural society: specialized priesthoods, a dedicated military, a network of canals, extensive trade routes, and a king who was collecting tribute from more than 20,000 people spread across many villages. Mound Key itself was a towering artificial island the Calusa made from mostly oyster and clam shells and topped with the monumental house for their king.

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Florida Native American Heritage Trail. Early Spanish explorers noted that similar statues were part of an ancestor worship cult and were housed in Funerary Temples where offerings were made to them. Ancient NativeAmerican Civilizations & Lost Cities. Follow Me. Random Posts.

Many ancient cities were deserted for no reason, leaving researchers lost for words. Over the centuries, ruins of these cities are rediscovered and we’re left to fill in the Pueblo Native Americans began building the first cliff dwellings sometime after 650 AD in Mesa Verde, located in modern-day Colorado.

The Calusa also famously resisted colonization and conversion. In 1521, a Calusa warrior mortally injured Juan Ponce de León, the first European to arrive in Florida, with an arrow to the thigh.

Menéndez’s mission to colonize South Florida withdrew after three years of rising hostility and assassination plots that ended in the Calusa setting fire to Mound Key. The Spanish wouldn’t attempt to approach the Calusa again until more than a century later, and the Franciscan friars who were next to show up in 1697 were quickly chased out and later found naked and nearly dead in their canoes in the Florida Keys.

Though they kept their independence, the Calusa were severely hurt by colonialism. Because of the spread of diseases that Europeans brought to Florida, the Calusa population shrank to about 2,000 by the end of the 17th century, which left them vulnerable to attacks from other indigenous groups who were armed with guns.

By the end of the 18th century, the Calusa kingdom had fallen apart, with the remaining people finding refuge in the Florida Keys or Cuba.

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The State of Florida , the United States Federal government, local governments, and indigenous tribal governments have particular interests in the protection and preservation of Native American cultural, historic, and sacred sites in Florida .

A collection of Native American houses sometimes called 'Indian homes'. These are extremely rare to see today, as most (almost all) Native Americans live in modern houses and apartments. These are recreated based on information from various tribes.

Monumental Construction

To better understand the Calusa, Victor Thompson of the University of Georgia and his colleagues have been working on excavations on the now overgrown island in Estero Bay, just south of Fort Myers, Florida.

Their new study confirms that the Calusa “were capable of building, or commanding to be built, a really big structure, which means they had access to a lot of labor,” Marquardt says.

The team reconstructed the king’s house mostly via the post holes and foundation trenches left on Mound Key. They propose that the house took up nearly the entire summit of the island’s tallest peak, known as Mound 1. The slightly oval-shaped structure was nearly 80 feet long, 65 feet wide, and was held up by about 150 individual wooden posts.

The researchers found several worn-down clam shells that seem to have been used as tools for stripping bark from the wooden posts, which would have made these beams last longer. Tiny fragments of wood found during the excavation suggest the building was made from pine trees that came from the Florida mainland by boat.

“It’s really interesting that they're moving resources in for large raw materials and construction, which speaks to the labor investment,” Thompson says.

What’s more, the structure was built in at least three stages over a long period of time, Thompson says. According to radiocarbon dates, the earliest phase of construction happened around A.D. 1000, which suggests that the lineage associated with the house was fairly powerful for more than 500 years before the Spanish arrived.

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Jump to navigation Jump to search. Hi there. === Introduction === ( actally true). The written records of Florida begin in 1513, with the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon. The mass of land that he explored on the American continent would come to be named La Florida

Florida Native American Heritage Trail. Filed under Ancient Civilizations of Florida , Featured. Native Americans constructed impressive structures(referred to as Indian Mounds) throughout the state of Florida for over 5,000 years. Chief Vann House November 26, 2006.

a group of people wearing military uniforms: Archaeologists excavate on Mound Key in Florida, the location of the long-lost Calusa king's house and a nearby Spanish fort. © Photograph by Amanda Thompson Archaeologists excavate on Mound Key in Florida, the location of the long-lost Calusa king's house and a nearby Spanish fort.

Building the Case

The Mound 1 summit was long suspected to be the location of the Calusa chieftain's house, says John Worth, an archaeologist at the University of West Florida in Pensacola who has studied the Calusa but was not involved in the new study.

“Thompson and his coauthors make a very convincing case that this structure is one and the same as the king's house described so vividly in early Spanish accounts at the Calusa capital,” Worth says.

Though the Spanish used the term “kingdom” to describe the Calusa, anthropologists had long believed that hunter-gatherers—even primarily maritime ones—could not fit the definition of a kingdom, says Lynn Gamble, an anthropology professor at the University of California, Santa Barbara, who was not involved in the research.

Scholars have only recently started to realize that their criteria for complex societies might be dated, and the new study on the Calusa “is a real movement away from that type of thinking,” Gamble says.

“They’ve documented this extremely large house, they've shown that it was occupied for a long period of time—we could quibble about whether they are really in a site of state formation, but they have some compelling evidence for this,” Gamble adds.

Thompson is also excavating parts the island that could offer more details about the Calusa’s interaction with the Spanish. Historians know, for instance, that Menéndez and his men had a short-lived but substantial fort there, which housed the mission of San Antón de Carlos, the first Jesuit mission in what is now the United States.

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As a result our picture of ancient Florida is not complete, but rather a series of seemingly disjointed snapshots. A third mound, which was circular and less than a meter in height, had a charnel house for the storage According to Michael Durham, in his book Guide to Ancient Native American Sites

Native American Netroots. …a forum for the discussion of political, social and economic issues Ancient America : Florida BCE. Posted on October 28, 2012 by Ojibwa. They constructed a number of round houses , including a chief’ s house or council house , using a post framework.

Thompson’s team recently confirmed the location of a few of those Spanish structures on the second-highest peak on Mound Key, offering a tantalizing target for future digs.

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